News is any event or information that relates to people, places or things of cultural significance. It is often written and shared in a way that informs and educates the reader.
The news is a vital part of the society as it keeps its members informed about what is happening in their communities. It also provides the necessary tools for the citizens to make decisions and participate in democratic processes. It is for this reason that a free press has been called the oxygen of democracy.
When writing news it is important to be as objective as possible and refrain from adding your own opinions. This can be done by focusing on the facts of the story and allowing the subjects of the story to speak for themselves. For example, if you are reporting on the replacement of a company CEO, interviewing the new boss and sharing their perspective can be an effective way to share this information.
It is also appropriate to use secondary sources in your news stories to add variety and depth to the information you are reporting on. This might include scholarly perspectives on a topic or modern views of an historical issue.
The most significant element of news is its impact on the audience. This can be determined by the proximity of the subject, whether it involves conflict or controversy and the magnitude of the event. Other factors that can be considered when judging newsworthiness are celebrity, entertainment value and humour.