Law is a set of rules that a government or other authorised institution uses to regulate the behaviour of people in a community or society. The rules serve to prevent crime, control behavior, maintain order and justice, and promote social welfare.
The Legal System
In a well-ordered society, individuals disagree and conflicts sometimes arise. But laws provide a way to resolve these disputes peacefully. For example, if two people claim the same piece of land and want to fight over it, they turn to the court.
The role of law in a nation
A stable and democratic government serves the principal functions of law. However, a dictatorial government may fail to do so and may also oppress minority groups or political opponents.
Historically, nations have created different legal systems that served these purposes better than others. Some, such as the United States and Britain, have a written constitution and codified laws.
The Legal System of Canada
The legal system of Canada respects the rights of all citizens and ensures that society is orderly. It also holds the police and government officials accountable for their actions.
Law in business
The business world relies on laws to guide them and keep their operations fair and reliable. Businesses must follow all regulations and laws to avoid fines or punishment.
Laws are made by a country or community and are regulated by a system of courts and legal institutions. These rules help to protect businesses, people and the environment.